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Bursting Crackers: Unveiling the health hazards of fireworks

Raina Rahul Agarwal 10 Nov, 2023 Festival No Comments
Bursting Crackers

May This Diwali bring happiness Not Disease

“May the light of Diwali illuminate our lives, bringing joy and happiness, and may it eradicate the darkness of disease and suffering.”

Diwali, the festival of lights, is a time of joy and celebration for many across the globe. However, in past times, the world has been battling the COVID-19 pandemic, which has brought about immense suffering and disease. As we approach this Diwali, it is crucial that we prioritize the health and safety of our loved ones. Let us all come together to ensure that this festive season brings happiness and not disease by following necessary precautions.  Let the light of Diwali illuminate our hearts with hope and resilience, reminding us to be responsible and cautious in our celebrations. May this Diwali be a time of both joy and safety, as we strive to overcome the challenges that lie ahead.


Diwali brings tremendous excitement and festive spirit. Diwali is a festival of light but in recent years it has become a festival of crackers and the festival of light is becoming less. Nowadays Diwali is considered incomplete without crackers. Even if firecrackers briefly light up the entire sky, they can have serious consequences on our environment and our health. We all know that crackers emit some hazardous chemicals like aluminium, barium, potassium, nitrate and carbon. These hazardous chemicals cause respiratory disease and lung disease among young and old ones.

Diwali is celebrated by millions of people around the world. Traditionally festival involves the lighting of lamps, candles and fireworks to symbolize the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.

Benefits Of Crackers:

“From cultural significance to scientific benefits, bursting crackers

during Diwali represents the perfect harmony between tradition and modernity, protecting both the festive spirit and public health.”

In Hinduism, the act of bursting crackers during festivals such as Diwali holds not just cultural significance, but also scientific benefits beyond simply enhancing the festive mood. This age-old tradition has become deeply ingrained in the customs of many regions, with people believing that the sound of fireworks drives away malevolent forces and that dazzling displays contribute to the joyous festival atmosphere.

Moreover, it has been widely acknowledged that the act of bursting crackers can serve as an effective deterrent against mosquitoes and other insects. This is particularly crucial in areas where mosquito-borne diseases pose a significant threat to public health. In fact, during a dengue outbreak in Delhi in 2003, health officials and doctors had specifically requested the government to allow people to engage in this customary practice. The rationale behind this was that the smoke emitted by the crackers acts as a natural mosquito repellent, helping to reduce the incidence of mosquito-borne diseases.

This unique aspect of bursting crackers not only adds to the cultural and festive significance of the practice but also highlights its practical benefits in safeguarding public health. It serves as a powerful example of how ancient traditions in Hinduism can align with modern scientific knowledge, allowing for the preservation of customs while addressing contemporary challenges. Thus, the act of bursting crackers during Diwali not only brings joy and celebration but also plays a role in promoting public health and well-being.

Disadvantage Of Bursting Crackers:

In line with the latest Supreme Court dismissal of a petition filed by the Firecrackers Manufacturers Association for the inclusion of Valium in green crackers, various state governments of India have issued guidelines regarding permissible crackers and the window has been issued for permission to explode them.  The Delhi government’s decision to ban the storage, sale, and use of all varieties of firecrackers until January 1, 2023, is a commendable step towards promoting a safer and healthier environment. This move is not only justified but also necessary for several practical reasons, especially during the Diwali festival.

 Air Pollution:

The government addresses the critical issue of air pollution that plagues Delhi every year during Diwali celebrations with the ban. Firecrackers emit harmful pollutants such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particulate matter, which severely deteriorate the air quality. Dr Mitali Agarwal, Associate Consultant in the Department of Pulmonology at Max Hospital, says that these pollutants have adverse effects on human health, particularly for individuals with respiratory problems, children, and the elderly. According to Dr Agarwal, it affects the eyes, throat, lungs, heart, and skin. By prohibiting the use of firecrackers, the government aims to protect the citizens of Delhi from the hazardous consequences of air pollution.

Bursting Crackers

Noise Pollution:

The ban also acknowledges the alarming noise pollution caused by bursting firecrackers. Bursting firecrackers not only disturb the peace and tranquillity of neighbourhoods but also have detrimental effects on mental health. The abrupt and prolonged exposure to loud noises can lead to increased stress levels, anxiety, and even hearing loss. By curbing the use of firecrackers, the government aims to create a more peaceful and conducive environment for its residents.

Can lead to accidents:

Furthermore, the ban takes into account the safety concerns associated with firecrackers. Mishandling or malfunctioning of firecrackers often leads to numerous accidents every year, resulting in injuries and property damage. The prohibition of firecrackers ensures the prevention of such mishaps, safeguarding the well-being and property of individuals. Additionally, it relieves the burden on healthcare facilities, allowing them to focus on other critical emergencies.

For Eco-friendly Environment:

Additionally, the ban promotes the conservation of natural resources. Firecrackers are often manufactured using chemicals and substances that are non-renewable and harmful to the environment. By discouraging their use, the government encourages the preservation of these resources and moves towards a more sustainable future.

The ban serves as an opportunity to promote alternative and eco-friendly ways of celebrating Diwali. It encourages individuals to explore creative and innovative methods of enjoying the festival without causing harm to the environment or compromising on safety. This shift towards greener celebrations can inspire a positive change in societal behaviour and foster a sense of responsibility towards the environment.

In conclusion, the Delhi government’s ban on firecrackers until January 1, 2023, is a necessary step in addressing the concerns of air and noise pollution, ensuring public safety, conserving natural resources, and promoting eco-friendly celebrations. This decision reflects the government’s commitment to the well-being of its citizens and sets a precedent for other regions to follow suit. By collectively refraining from bursting firecrackers, we can contribute to a cleaner, healthier, and more sustainable future for Delhi and beyond.


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Raina Rahul Agarwal
My name is Raina Agarwal, and I am a seasoned content writer with three years of experience in the field. Holding a master's degree in microbiology. I have also garnered valuable experience as a microbiologist, with a career spanning over a decade since 2011. My diverse professional background enables me to offer unique insights and perspectives in my content creation endeavours.

Raina Rahul Agarwal

A Non-Medical Scientist, BSL-2 Lab, Mirzapur

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