Who Was Dr B. R. Ambedkar?
Bhimrao Ram Ji Ambedkar was an Indian jurist, economist and social reformer. He headed the committee drafting the constitution of India. Dr B.R Ambedkar served as law and justice B. R. Ambedkar was popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar. He was an economist, politician and social reformer. He fought for the rights of the daily community who were untouchable back in the day.
Brief History Of Ambedkar
Dr B.R Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Mhow Army Cantonment Central province in Madhya Pradesh. In 1906 he married Ramabai. Dr B.R Ambedkar was a brilliant student and practitioner of law and economics. Ambedkar completed his post-graduation (Economics) in 1915 with the financial support of Gaekwad ruler of Baroda, Sahyaji Rao III. He presented a thesis titled “Ancient Indian Commerce” during his education. In 1920 he went to London and received DSc. from the London University. He also got his PhD degree in economics from Columbia University.
Contribution Of Dr B. R Ambedkar
Ambedkar formed many organizations for the empowerment of Dalits, in spite of these he also put emphasis on:
- Father Of Indian Constitution: He played role in the framing of the constitution of independent India. On 29 August 1947 Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of the drafting committee. Indian constitution is the longest constitution of a free nation.
The constitution of India contains 448 articles in 25 sections, 12 calendars,5 indices and 98 revisions. The constituted assembly had 269 men and 15 were ladies. The constituent of India was submitted in November 1949. All the people of the constituent assembly marked the record on 24 January 1950. On 26 November 1949, the constituent Assembly of India adopted the constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950. Hence every year on 26 November we celebrate this day as Constitution Day Of India (Samvidhan Diwas).
2. Education: In 1923 Baba Saheb established Bahiskrit Hitkarni Sabha to spread awareness for education among the marginalized and to improve their economic conditions, for this he gave the slogan: “Educate-Agitate-Organize”
3. Ambedkar advocated a society based on three basic principles of liberty, equality and fraternity.
4. Ambedkar brought untouchables to the mainstream of society: Ambedkar fought not only for equality of Varna but for social, economic and political equality as well as equal opportunity for all. Ambedkar demanded justice for the untouchable and other weaker sections of society.
5. Ambedkar’s role in round table conference: In 1932 Ambedkar participated in all three round table conferences in London where he demanded a separate electorate for the untouchable which was opposed by Gandhi Ji and led to the Poona alliance.
How Ambedkar Jayanti Is Celebrated:
On 31 March 2021, the Indian government declared 14 April as a Public holiday in honour of the birth anniversary of Dr B.R Ambedkar.
Every year on 14 April Indian citizens give respect to the statue of Dr B.R Ambedkar which is located at Parliament House in New Delhi. His devotees march on Ambedkar Jayanti at Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai and Deeksha Bhoomi in Nagpur.
Ambedkar Jayanti is supposed to be National Holiday in more than 25 states and Union Territories including Andhra-Pradesh, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chattisgarh, Goa, Gujrat, Harayana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala and Ladakh, Madhya- Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odhisa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim.
Why Is Ambedkar Jayanti is Celebrated:
Indian celebrate Ambedkar Jayanti to give respect and honour to the valuable contribution to the Indian poor such as-Architect Indian Constitution, the founded Bahiskrit Hitkarini Sabha, social movements, equal rights in the society, Woman Empowerment and their contributions, and the fight against untouchable and caste discrimination etc. Ambedkar also argued that the right to vote.
Conclusion: Dr Ambedkar’s life was short, but later became unprecedented. He emerged from the rubble as Father Of the Indian Constitution, behaving more contemptuously than an animal. The true literator of Dalit, an extraordinary national pioneer and faithful, an extraordinary creator, an extraordinary educational genius, an extraordinary political rationalist, an extraordinary humanist. Each of these qualities of Ambedkar had a solid human basis.
Frequently Asked Question
Que: What is special about Ambedkar Jayanti?
Ans: Ambedkar Jayanti also known as Bhim Jayanti has celebrated every year on 14 April to remise the memory and significant contribution of Dr B.R Ambedkar who had born on 14 April 1891.
Que: Who is known as the Father of the Indian Constitution?
Ans: Dr B.R Ambedkar is known as the Father of the Indian Constitution. On 29 August 1947, he formed a committee of seven-member called the “Drafting Committee.”
Que: Why is Ambedkar called Babasaheb?
Ans: “Babasaheb is a Marathi phrase, it means respected father- (Baba- Father, Saheb- Sir)
Que: Why is Ambedkar called Bhim?
Ans: Jai Bhim means Victory of Bhim, Long live Bhim. Jai Bhim is a slogan that is used by the followers of Dr B.R Ambedkar.
Que: Who wrote Indian Constitution?
Ans: Prem Behari Narain Raizada, who wrote the original Indian Constitution.
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