History Of Constitution Day
Constitution Day is also known as “Samvidhan Diwas” in our country on 26th November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution. On 26 November 1949, the constituent Assembly of India adopted the constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950. The Ministry of social justice and Empowerment notified the Government of India on 19 November 2015 of its decision to observe 26 November every year as “Constitute Day” to promote constitutional values among the citizens.
According to the scroll report, the two months between the adoption and implementation of the constitution were used to read and translate the document from English to Hindi. The constitution was adopted for 166 days two years, 11 months and 18 days ago. On January 24 1950, members of the Constituent Assembly signed two handwritten copies of the document, and two days later it became land law.
Constitution Day India’s is celebrated as a mark of tribute of Indian’s first law minister B.R Ambedkar who played a pivotal role in drafting the Indian Constitution. The year 2021 was the 131 birth anniversary of Ambedkar. Previously this day was celebrated as “Law day”. 26 November was chosen to the importance of the constitution and to spread thoughts and ideas of Ambedkar.
What Is The Constitution Of India
The constitution is a set of written principles and patterns of the government of India that formulate the basic political principles, procedures, rights, guidelines, obligations and duties of the Government and the citizen of the country.
It declares India to be a sovereign, secular, socialist, and democratic republic and guarantees equality, liberty and justice to its citizen.
- The Indian Constitution was drafted between December 1946 and December 1949- the most challenging period. It was a time when religious riots, ethnic wars and genders inequality threatened the country’s social fabric.
- The constitution of India provides a framework for defining basic political principles, establishing the structure, process, rights and duties of government institutions and defining the basic rights and guidelines and duties of citizens.
- It is formed by the Constituent Assembly elected by the elected members of the Provincial Assembly. The 389 member Constituent Assembly took 2 years, 11 months and 7 days to complete the historic task of drafting the constitution of independent India. During this time they conducted eleven sessions of a total of 165 days. Of that 114 days were spent discussing the draft constitution. On August 29, 1947, the constituent assembly set up a drafting committee under the chairmanship of Dr Ambedkar to prepare a draft constitution of India.
- They were not printed or typed. It was handwritten and calligraphy in both Hindi and English.
- Since the enactment of the Indian Constitution women in India has been given the right to vote.
- It is also known as “bags of borrowing” as it has borrowed several ideas from other countries.
Frequently Asked Question
Que- How many constitutions are there in India?
Ans- The Constitution of India is the largest constitution in the world. It had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. The Indian constitution now has 448 articles in 25 sections and 12 schedules with all 105 amendments added.
Que- Who is the father of the Indian constitution?
Answer- Dr B. R Ambedkar
Que- Who had written the Indian Constitution?
Answer- Calligraphist Prem Bihari Narayan Rayzada wrote the entire constitution with his hands in italic style.
Que- Who is the mother of the Indian constitution?
Answer- James Madison is the mother of the Indian Constitution.
Que- Who first signed Indian Constitution?
Answer- On January 24, 1950, Dr Rajendra Prasad, the first president of India signed the Indian Constitution. While Feroze Gandhi, president of Constituent Assembly was the last one to sign.
The constitution is necessary because it is important law of land. It determines the citizen’s relationship with the government that will be elected and who will have the power and responsibility to make important decisions.
Disclaimer: All the content of this article is just for information purposes only.