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Post Covid: Impact Of Covid 19 In Human Health

20 Oct, 2021 Health & Fitness


Covid 19 virus

The pandemic of various infectious diseases with million dying has been recorded in history. The most well-known history of pandemics is the Plague in Asia, a pandemic of influenza. These pandemics killed many lives. Pandemic is still continued and covid 19 is the latest and not the last pandemic. The past three decades have seen the emergence of almost 40 new pathogens, most of which are viruses including HIV, Hepatitis C virus and Coronavirus.  After Covid 19 it is hard to imagine what the world will look like. It has swept through the world like a Tsunami wave. 

Post-Covid Condition

Post-Covid condition is a new term to describe cases in which the symptoms and effects of Covid 19 extend significantly. It may extend up to weeks even months beyond the first diagnosis. The new focus on the extent of illness has led to an outburst of questions around post covid symptoms and treatments after Covid recovery. Patients around the country have been reporting the feeling lingering effects of Covid 19 post recovery for between 4-12 weeks or even beyond this.

As per data people infected with covid may experience mild symptoms or be completely asymptomatic. The existence of coronavirus in the body depends on the person to person, exposure to the virus and severity of infection. Due to the long term effect of coronavirus, patients can develop Post-Covid complications. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS- CoV-2) may damage the lungs, brain, blood vessels, skin, nerves, kidneys and heart. This virus increases the long term effect of health in the human body.

The study published in the journal JAMA Network Open reviewed 57 reports that included data from 250,351 unvaccinated adults and children who were diagnosed with covid 19 from December 2019 through March 2021. 

Types Of Post -Covid Condition

1) Ongoing Symptoms-

Ongoing symptoms can last weeks or months after first being infected with the coronavirus. People commonly experience these types of symptoms post-covid. These symptoms are similar to Covid 19.

  • Cough, Chest pain, shortness of breath and heaviness of chest.
  • Fatigue, Difficulty in concentration, sleeping and thinking.
  • Anxiety, mood changes and depression.
  • Hair Loss, Rashes.
  • Abnormal lung function
  • Inflammation of the heart muscles
  • Appetite, abdominal bloating, acid reflux, stomach pain
  • Change in smell or taste
  • Changes in menstrual period cycle
  • Joint or muscles pain
  • Dizziness on standing

2) Multiorgan effect of Covid 19

Some people who have had faced covid 19 experience multiorgan effects or autoimmune conditions over a long time with symptoms lasting weeks or months after covid 19 illness. It includes the effect of heart, kidney, lungs, brain, skin functions. This condition is very rare and most children face this condition. They experience multisystem inflammatory (MIS) during covid or after covid infection. MIS can lead to post covid if a person continues to experience multiorgan effects or other symptoms.

3) Hospitalization

Some of the symptoms that can occur after hospitalization are similar to symptoms that have mild symptoms. These conditions might also be complicated by other effects related to the covid 19 pandemic. It includes mental health effects from isolation, negative economic conditions and lack of access to healthcare for managing the underlying conditions. These factors affected both those who have suffered from covid 19 and those who have not.

Prevention Of Post- Covid Symptoms

Covid 19 vaccine is the best way to prevent getting covid 19 symptoms. It can protect you and those around you. If you have the above symptoms immediate contact in the hospital.

Causes Of Post Covid

  • Lack of response of the immune system
  • Reinfection of the virus
  • Multisystem inflammatory syndrome
  • Prolonged hospitalization due to severity
  • Post-traumatic stress

Frequently Asked Question

Question- What is the post-covid condition?
Post covid conditions are a wide range of new, returning, or ongoing health problems in people who have suffered from covid 19 disease.

Question- What is a long covid?
Answer- Long covid is used to describe signs and symptoms that last for longer than 4 weeks after getting covid 19.

Question- What are the precaution to take post covid recovery?
Answer- Stay hydrated and drink plenty of water to boost the immune system. Practice meditation and do exercise on a regular basis.

Question- What are some possible complications after recovering from covid 19?
Answer- Recovered patients after acute Covid 19 illness may continue to experience various signs and symptoms including fatigue, body ache, cough, sore throat, difficulty in breathing etc.


The coronavirus disease continues to spread across the world following a trajectory that is difficult to predict. The health, humanitarian and socio-economic policies adopted by countries will determine the spread and strength of the recovery.


This content is for information purposes only, For details visit the official website.


Raina Rahul Agarwal

A Non-Medical Scientist, BSL-2 Lab, Mirzapur

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